Helen Kalvak, KALVAKADLAK; KRALVAK
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Helen Kalvak, KALVAKADLAK; KRALVAK
Helen Kalvak, graphic artist (b on Victoria Is, NWT 1901; d at Holman [Ulukhaktok], NWT 7 May 1984). Although Helen Kalvak only began to draw in her early sixties, she created over 3000 drawings vividly portraying the traditional life of the COPPER INUIT. Kalvak showed a deep interest in spiritual traditions, and her drawings are rich with references to legends, shamanism and ceremonial life.
In the print Kidnapper (1973), Helen Kalvak portrays Arnakafaluk, the legendary woman who appears out of the sea to kidnap children who wander away from their parents' camp. A recurring theme in her work is the interrelationship between the human and animal worlds. In the print Don't Be So Noisy (1969), the festive spirit of a drum dance attracts the curiosity of a polar bear. Kalvak's drawings, interpreted in stone relief or stencil prints by the printmakers of Holman, have drawn international attention. She was elected a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1975.
Born on 1901 in Victoria Is, NU. Died on 7 May 1984. Nationality is Inuit
1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, Holman Prints, (annual collection) (illustrated catalogue)
1965 Arctic Values '65, New Brunswick Museum with the cooperation of the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, St. John, NB (illustrated catalogue)
1967 The Eskimo Art Collection of the Toronto-Dominion Bank, Toronto-Dominion Bank, Toronto, ON (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1967 4th National Burnaby Print Show, Burnaby Art Society, Burnaby, BC
1968 Eskimo Sculpture, Eskimo Prints and Paintings of Norval Morrisseau, Art Association of Newport, Newport, RI (illustrated catalogue)
1969 Eskimo Sculptures and Prints including a collection of Carvings by Osowetokla, Hartford National Bank, Hartford, CT (illustrated brochure)
1970 Graphic Art by Eskimos of Canada: First Collection, Cultural Affairs Division, Department of External Affairs, Canada, Ottawa, ON (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1970 Canadian Eskimo Arts Festival, Alaska Methodist University Galleries, Anchorage, AK (illustrated catalogue)
1972 Kalvak - Nanogak Drawings, Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, Montreal, PQ
1972 Canadian/Indian and Eskimo Arts and Crafts, The Snow Goose, Ottawa, ON
1974 Rare Eskimo Prints from Holman Island: a Review 1965-1973, The Arctic Circle, Los Angeles, CA
1975 - 1977 Inuit Games/Inuit Pinguangit/Jeux des inuit, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Ottawa, ON (tour) (illustrated brochure)
1975 The Art of Eskimo Women: in Sculpture, Prints, Wall-hangings, The Arctic Circle, Los Angeles, CA
1976 - 1982 Shamans and Spirits: Myths and Medical Symbolism in Eskimo Art, Canadian Arctic Producers and the National Museum of Man, Ottawa, ON (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1976 Hunters of Old, Inukshuk Galleries Inc., Waterloo, ON
1977 - 1982 The Inuit Print/L'estampe inuit, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and the National Museum of Man, Ottawa, ON (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1977 The Eskimo Woman: her life and dreams in prints and sculpture, The Arctic Circle Los Angeles, CA
1978 The Coming and Going of the Shaman: Eskimo Shamanism and Art, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB (illustrated catalogue)
1978 Inuit Games and Contests: The Clifford E. Lee Collection of Prints University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (illustrated catalogue)
1978 Polar Vision: Canadian Eskimo Graphics, Jerusalem Artists' House Museum, Jerusalem, Israel (illustrated catalogue)
1979 Canadian Eskimo Art: a representative exhibition from the collection of Professor and Mrs. Philip Gray, Fine Arts Gallery, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT (catalogue)
1979 Eskimo Narrative, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1979 - 1984 Shamans and Spirits: Myths and Medical Symbolism in Eskimo Art, Arts and Learning Services Foundation (this is a duplicate of the C.A.P. and National Museum of Man exhibition of 1976-1981), Minneapolis, MN (tour)
1980 The Inuit Amautik: I Like My Hood To Be Full, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB (illustrated catalogue)
1981 - 1983 The Moveable Feast, Arts and Learning Services Foundation, Minneapolis, MN (tour)
1981 Festival of Birds, The Arctic Circle, Los Angeles, CA
1981 - 1982 Inuit Art: A Selection of Inuit Art from the Collection of the National Museum of Man, Ottawa, and the Rothmans Permanent Collection of Inuit Sculpture, Canada, National Museum of Man, Ottawa and Rothmans of Pall Mall Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1981 Transformation, The Arctic Circle, Los Angeles, CA (illustrated brochure)
1981 Eskimo Games: Graphics and Sculpture/Giuochi Eschimesi: grafiche e sculture, National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome, Italy, (illustrated catalogue)
1981 The Year of the Bear, The Arctic Circle, Los Angeles, CA
1981 The Jacqui and Morris Shumiatcher Collection of Inuit Art, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, University of Regina, Regina, SK (illustrated catalogue)
1981 - 1983 The Murray and Marguerite Vaughan Inuit Print Collection, Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, NB (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1982 - 1983 Inuit Myths, Legends and Songs, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1983 Hunter of the Sacred Game: Traditional Life on the Land, Organized by the Arts and Learning Services Foundation, Minneapolis, MN (tour)
1983 Bering Sea to Baffin Bay, The Arctic Circle, Los Angeles, CA
1983 Inuit Survival, Enook Galleries, Waterloo, ON, Presented at the University of Waterloo Art Gallery, Waterloo, ON
1983 The Arctic/L'Artique, UNESCO Paris, France (illustrated catalogue)
1983 – 1985 Contemporary Indian and Inuit Art of Canada, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Ottawa, presented at the General Assembly Building, United Nations, New York, NY (tour) (illustrated brochure)
1984 - 1986 Arctic Vision: Art of the Canadian Inuit, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Canadian Arctic Producers, Ottawa, ON (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1984 The Story Tellers of Holman Island: A retrospective exhibition of rare stonecut prints from 1968 – 1979, The Arctic Circle, Los Angeles, CA
1984 The Oral Tradition, National Museum of Man, Ottawa, ON
1984 Demons and Spirits and those who wrestled with them, The Arctic Circle, Los Angeles, CA
1984 Visions of Rare Spirit: 20 Years of Holman Prints, Port Colborne Library, Port Colborne, ON (illustrated catalogue)
1984 Die Kunst aus der Arktis. Inuit Galerie, Mannheim, held at Humanities and Social Sciences Research Institute, University of Siegen at Villa Waldrich, Siegen, Germany (illustrated catalogue)
1984 50 Inuit Prints, Canadian Arctic Producers in coordination with the Hudson's Bay Company Inuit Art Marketing Service, held at Simpson's, Toronto, ON (illustrated brochure)
1984 - 1985 Stones, Bones, Cloth, and Paper: Inuit Art in Edmonton Collections, Edmonton Art Gallery, Edmonton, AB
1985 Uumajut: Animal Imagery in Inuit Art, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB (illustrated catalogue) 1985 - 1987 Chisel and Brush/Le ciseau et la brosse, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Ottawa, ON (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1986 Hunting in the Arctic, Alberta Provincial Museum and Archives, Edmonton, AB
1986 Northern Exposure: Inuit Images of Travel, Burnaby Art Gallery, Burnaby, BC (illustrated catalogue)
1986 Contemporary Inuit Art, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON (illustrated brochure)
1986 Die Kunst aus der Arktis, presented by Inuit Galerie, Mannheim, Germany (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1986 Inuit Graphics Through the Year: Rare Prints from the Arctic, Arctic Artistry, Scarsdale, NY
1987 The Matriarchs: Jessie Oonark, Helen Kalvak, Pitseolak Ashoona, Snow Goose Associates, Seattle, WA
1987 Inuit Graphics from the Past, Arctic Artistry, Scarsdale, NY
1987 Inuit Traditions in Graphics: 1961-1987, Arctic Artistry, Hartsdale, NY
1987 - 1988 Inuitkonst fran Kanada - skulptor och grafik, Millesgarden, Lidingo, Sweden (illustrated catalogue)
1987 - 1989 Contemporary Inuit Drawings, Macdonald Stewart Art Centre, Guelph, ON (tour) (illustrated catalogue)
1988 Works on Paper from the Permanent Collection of Inuit Art, Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, Montreal, PQ
1988 Inuit Images in Transition, Augusta Savage Gallery, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (illustrated catalogue)
1988 Building on Strengths: New Inuit Art from the Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB
1988 Inuit Women and their Art: Graphics and Wallhangings, Gallery 210, University of Missouri, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A. (illustrated brochure)
1988 - 1989 Im Schatten der Sonne: Zeitgenossische Kunst der Indianer und Eskimos in Kanada/In the Shadow of the Sun: Contemporary Indian and Inuit Art in Canada, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa, ON (tour)(illustrated catalogue)
1989 Inuit Graphic Art from Indian & Northern Affairs Canada, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB
1990 Inuit Art From the Glenbow Collection, Glenbow Museum, Calgary, AB
1990 Arctic Mirror, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull, PQ
1990 Inuit Graphics and Drawings from 1959-1990, Arctic Artistry, Hastings-on-Hudson, NY
1990 A Woman's Vision, Art Space Gallery, Philadelphia, PA
1991 Bears of the North, Snow Goose Associates, Seattle, Washington, UA
1992 Inuit Art on the Mezzanine: New Acquisitions, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB (illustrated brochure)
1992 - 1993 Borealis: Inuit Images of Man and Animals, Freeport Art Museum and Cultural Centre, Freeport, IL
1993 The Prints Never Seen: Holman, 1977-1987, Albers Gallery of Inuit Art, San Francisco, CA (illustrated catalogue)
1993 Women Who Draw: 30 Years of Graphic Art from the Canadian Arctic, Feheley Fine Arts, Toronto, Ontario
1993 – 1994 Contemporary Inuit Drawings, Muscarelle Museum of Art, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (illustrated catalogue)
1994 Patiently I Sing, Selections from the Tyler/Brooks Collection, Carleton University Art Gallery, Ottawa, ON (illustrated catalogue)
1994 Arctic Spirit, 35 Years of Canadian Inuit Art, Frye Art Museum, Seattle, WA
1995 - 1996 Inuit Woman: Life and Legend in Art, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB
1996 Kalvak & Nanogak, Albers Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1996 Works on Paper from the Permanent Collection of Inuit Art, Canadian Guild of Craft Quebec, Montreal, PQ
1968 Helen Kalvak - Print Retrospective, Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, Montreal, PQ
1969 Kalvak Retrospective, Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, Montreal, PQ
1970 Helen Kalvak Drawings, Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, Montreal, PQ
1992 The Graphic Art of Helen Kalvak, R.C.A., 1965-1985, Albers Gallery of Inuit Art, San Francisco, CA
Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth, TX
Anchorage Museum of History and Art, Anchorage, AK
Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, NB
Canada Council Art Bank, Ottawa, ON
Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, Montreal, PQ
Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull, PQ
Clifford E. Lee Collection, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB
Dennos Museum Center, Northwestern Michigan College, Traverse City, MI
Department of External Affairs, Ottawa, ON
Edmonton Art Gallery, Edmonton, AB
Glenbow Museum, Calgary, AB
Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown University, Bristol, RI
Inuit Cultural Institute, Rankin Inlet, NU
Laurentian University Museum and Arts Centre, Sudbury, ON
McMaster University Art Gallery, Hamilton, ON
McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON
Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, SK
Musee des beaux-arts de Montreal, Montreal, PQ
Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON
Petro-Canada Collection, Calgary, AB
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, Yellowknife, NT
Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, MA
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB
Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB
ARTIST MEMBER OF ORDER. News of the North, January, 1979.
ARTS OF THE ESKIMO: PRINTS: /Ed. by Ernst Roch. Texts by
Patrick Furneaux and Leo Rosshandler. Montreal: Signum Press in association with Oxford University Press, Toronto, 1974.
CLUTESI-KALVAK PRESERVING LEGENDS. The Trentonian, June 24, 1977.
HOLMAN ARTISTS: Film, Grant and Exhibition. Inuvialuit, Fall, 1982. pp.18-19.
IM SCHATTEN DER SONNE: Zeitgenoessische Kunst der Indianer und Eskimos in Kanada. [In the Shadow of the Sun: Contemporary Art of the Indians and Eskimos in Canada]. Stuttgart: Edition Cantz. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1988.
INUIT ARTIST-TIRED BUT ALERT. News/North, November 28, 1980.
LEADING INUIT ARTIST, HELEN KALVAK DIES. The Ottawa Citizen, May 10, 1984.
Art Association of Newport AN EXHIBITION OF ESKIMO SCULPTURE, ESKIMO PRINTS AND PAINTINGS OF NORVAL MORRISSEAU: From the Collection Cartier, Montreal, Canada. Newport, R.I.: Art Association of Newport, 1968.
Berlo, Janet Catherine DRAWING AND PRINTMAKING AT HOLMAN. Inuit Art Quarterly, vol. 10, no. 3 (Fall 1995), pp.22-30, 1995.
Berlo, Janet Catherine HELEN KALVAK (1901-1984). In North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary/Garland, 1995.
Blakeman, Evelyn OMINGMAK: The Muskox. The Inuit Art Enthusiasts Newsletter, Issue 31, April, 1986.
Burgess, Helen ESKIMO ART FROM HOLMAN. North, vol. 13, no. 3, May-June, 1966. pp.12-16, 1966.
Burgess, Helen ESKIMO LEGENDS TOLD IN ART NET $10,000. Globe and Mail, January 26, 1966.
Bushman, Leo KALVAK (1901-1984). Journal of the Institute of North America, vol. 41, no. 1, March, 1988. pp.72-74.
Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec CANADIAN GUILD OF CRAFTS QUEBEC. = GUILDE CANADIENNE DES METIERS D'ART QUEBEC: The Permanent Collection: Inuit Arts and Crafts, c. 1900-1980. Montreal: Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, 1980.
Driscoll, Bernadette HELEN KALVAK: IN The Canadian Encyclopedia, James H. Marsh, editor-in-chief. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 2:931, 1985.
Hall, Judy SANATUJUT: PRIDE IN WOMEN'S WORK: COPPER AND CARIBOU INUIT CLOTHING TRADITIONS. Hull, Que.: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1994.
Holman Eskimo Co-operative Ltd. KALVAK/EMERAK MEMORIAL CATALOGUE, 1987: [Twelve prints produced from the original pencil drawings by Helen Kalvak and Mark Emerak.]. Holman, N.W.T., Holman Eskimo Co-op, 1987.
Holman Eskimo Co-operatives Ltd. THE PRINTS NEVER SEEN, HOLMAN, 1977-1987: A Collection of Previously Unpublished Prints. Holman Eskimo Co-operatives; Albers Gallery of Inuit Art, 1993.
Jackson, Marion E. CONTEMPORARY INUIT DRAWINGS. Guelph, Ontario: Macdonald Stewart Art Centre, 1987.
Lipton, Barbara ARCTIC VISION: Art of the Canadian Inuit. Ottawa : Canadian Arctic Producers, 1984.
McGrath, Robin MORE THAN MEETS THE EYE: The Clothing Motif in Inuit Legends and Art. Inuit Art Quarterly: Vol. 8, No.4, Winter 1993, pp. 16-23.
Muscarelle Museum of Art (Williamsburg) CONTEMPORARY INUIT DRAWINGS: The gift collection of Frederick and Lucy S. Herman. Williamsburg, Va.: The College of William and Mary in Virginia, 1993.
Pratt, Mary ART OF THE CARIBOU PEOPLE. The Denver Magazine 6 (9):36-40, August, 1976.
Souchotte, Sandra INUIT ART: A FANTASTIC ARCTIC SUCCESS STORY. Northwest Explorer 4(4): 6-20, Autumn, 1985.
Sweetman, Randy KALVAK. Arctic in Colour, vol. 6, no. 2, 1978. p.11.
Swinton, George KALVAK/EMERAK MEMORIAL PORTFOLIO. Inuit Art Quarterly, vol. 2, no. 2, Spring, 1987. pp.12-13.
Van Raalte, Sharon INUIT WOMEN AND THEIR ART. Communique, May 1975. p.21-23.
Winrob, Harry NORTHERN EXPOSURE: INUIT IMAGES OF TRAVEL. Toronto, Ont. :
1970 North West Territories Centennial Print Commission
1974 The artist's print 'Dance' was commissioned to help celebrate the 'Klondike Days' exhibition, Edmonton, AB
1975 Elected a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts
1978 Appointed a member of the Order of Canada
1964 Participated in the Holman experimental graphic workshop from 1962 to 1964
1975 The Department of Communications Media at the University of Calgary produced a twenty minute film about Kalvak and her art entitled 'Kalvak'
1979 A print by Kalvak entitled 'The Dance' was reproduced on a seventeen cent stamp
1986 The new school in Holman was named after Helen Kalvak
1987 The Holman Eskimo Co-operative released a memorial portfolio of 12 prints based on drawings by Helen Kalvak and Mark Emerak